Quasi-optical approach to the analysis of the energy model of millimeter wave propagation and antenna characteristics
Keywords:millimeter wave communications, Friis model, quasi-optical model of energy losses, antenna phased arrays, spectral efficiency
AbstractMillimeter-wave communication systems, unlike, for example, classical ones operating in the decimeter wave band, have fundamental differences related to the formation, radiation, propagation properties and signal losses. A new quasi-optical approach to the estimation of the energy losses of the millimeter wave (MMW) radiation and antenna amplification is proposed in the article. Such method makes it possible to construct a loss and interference model for the millimeter wave band (MMB) under conditions of direct visibility over greater than one kilometer distances and multipath propagation models in small cells of mobile systems in urban conditions.
Slot Antenna Accelerates Wi-Fi 200 Times, http://www.radioradar.net/news/electronics_news/wifi_200.html.
IEEE Internation Committee on Electromagnetic Safety (SCC39), IEEE Standard for Safety Levels with Respect to Human Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, 3 kHz to 300 GHz, IEEE Std C95.1TM-2005, April 2006.
ICNIRP, ICNIRP Guidelines for Limiting Exposure to Time-Varying Electric, Magnetic and Electromagnetic Fields (up to 300 GHz), ICNIRP Publications – 1998, Published in Health Physics 74 (4):494-522; 1998.
H. Shokri-Ghadikolaei, C. Fischione, G. Fodor, P. Popovski, and M. Zorzi, “Millimeter wave cellular networks: A MAC layer perspective,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 63, no. 10, pp. 3437-3458, Oct. 2015. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1109/TCOMM.2015.2456093.
S. Sun, G. R. MacCartney, Jr., and T. S. Rappaport, “Millimeter-wave distance-dependent large-scale propagation measurements and path loss models for outdoor and indoor 5G systems,” Proc. of 2016 10th European Conf. on Antennas and Propagation, EuCAP, Apr. 2016, Davos, Switzerland, pp. 1-5.
F. Khan, Z. Pi, and S. Rajagopal, “Millimeter-wave mobile broadband with large scale spatial processing for 5G mobile communication,” Proc. of 50th Annual Allerton Conf. on Communication, Control, and Computing, 1-5 Oct. 2012, Monticello, IL, USA. IEEE, 2013, pp. 1517-1523. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1109/Allerton.2012.6483399.
I. Shakhnovich, “Myth about the attenuation of free space: which did not write GT Friis,” First Mile, no. 2, pp. 40-45, 2014.
B. Sklar, Digital Communications: Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 2001.
M. P. Dolukhanov, Propagation of Radio Waves [in Russian]. Moscow: Communications, 1972. 336 p.
V. J. Urick, J. D. McKinney, and K. J. Williams, Fundamentals of Microwave Photonics. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley, 2015.
M. Rebato, M. Mezzavilla, S. Rangan, F. Boccardi, M. Zorzi, “Understanding noise and interference regimes in 5G millimeter-wave cellular networks,” Proc. of 22th European Wireless Conf., 18-20 May 2016, Oulu, Finland. VDE, 2016. URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7499308/.